Whether you have started noticing pregnancy symptoms sometimes after ovulation and want to take an early pregnancy test, or you have already missed a period, you definitely want to get an accurate result when you do pee on a stick, dont you? Many women wonder at what time of the day you can take a pregnancy test and get the most reliable result possible. This article explains how pregnancy tests work, and how you can get the most accurate results from them.
Over the counter pregnancy tests all work by detecting hormones through urine. You determine whether or not you conceived by peeing on the test itself, or by peeing into a cup and then inserting the test into the cup. Most pregnancy tests are sensitive only to human chorionic gonadotropin, a hormone that is also known as hCG. A select few can also detect hyperglycosylated hCG. which is produced by the body a bit earlier, sometimes even after an egg is fertilized but before it implanted itself into the lining of the uterus. Both these hormones will be present in higher quantities as pregnancy continues, so the later you test, the more likely you are to get a more accurate test result.
If you have heard that you have to test in the morning to be able to trust the result as shown by the test you used, there is some truth in that claim. Urine generally contains higher quantities of hCG first thing in the morning. This has little to do with the actual time of the day, and more with the fact that your urine is more concentrated and has remained in your bladder for quite some time, because you were asleep all night.
That does not mean that early morning urine is the only urine that can give you accurate results though. DIY pregnancy tests are improving in quality all the time, and the modern ones are so sensitive that they can pick up even small amounts of hCG. If you are not doing a pregnancy test early in the morning – probably because it just occurred to you that your period is late, or that you are having some symptoms, and you need to know if you are pregnant NOW! – the one thing that you should never do is drink large amounts of fluid, just to be able to pee. Drinking more fluids than you normally would, in a shorter amount of time, dilutes your pee and the hormones detected in it.
In short, you can take a pregnancy test at any time of the day and night, but you get the best results if your urine has had some time to stew. Early morning pee is still considered the best, but well a girl has got to do what a girl has got to do, right
Weight gain during pregnancy is healthy and normal. But after you give birth, you would like to fit into your pre-pregnancy clothes again as soon as possible, and to look great! Getting your body back after pregnancy usually involves weight loss as well as muscle toning. Here is our guide to healthy weight loss and looking great after pregnancy.
When can you start losing weight?
Pregnancy weight loss starts as soon as you go into labor. With the very birth of your baby, you will lose a lot of weight; your baby, placenta and the amniotic fluid all weigh considerable amounts. But when after pregnancy can you begin conscious weight loss efforts?
Women who are breastfeeding burn an average of 200 to 500 calories simply by nursing. It is never too early after birth to lose pregnancy weight by eating healthy and balanced meals either. But if you are planning intensive exercise and dieting, you will need to wait a little. It is generally recommended that women refrain from exercising until lochia (postpartum bleeding) has stopped. Your body will need time to recover from childbirth before you start working out.
It is especially important to take into account that the abdominal muscles separate during pregnancy to accomodate your growing baby. Women who start working out before the abdominal muscles recover from birth risk permanent diastasis recti (separated abdominal muscles). We recommend that you don’t exercise before your six-week postpartum checkup.
Good nutrition plays an crucial role in healthy weight loss after pregnancy, but breastfeeding mothers should be careful with diets. Dieting is fine for nursing moms, but they should wait until after their baby is around two months old – when their milk supply has been established properly, before serious weight loss after pregnancy.
Healthy weight loss after pregnancy – exercise and nutrition
Many new mothers are eager to lose weight after pregnancy, and think mainly of their postpartum belly when they say that. Although you may well be a little heavier then you were when you were still trying to conceive, you are also likely to be less fit and toned. What most mothers want from their body is both healthy weight loss after pregnancy and better muscle tone in the abdominal area.
Both of these goals require a combination of regular exercise and good nutrition, and women who want to know how to lose weight after pregnancy should take these things into account:
- Make sure that you eat regular meals and that you don’t skip any major food groups. Although the amount of calories that we consume does matter, the quality of your used calories is even more crucial.
- A pregnancy weight loss diet should be gradual, and your health should always be more important than shedding those pregnancy pounds.
- Weight loss without physical activity will not give you the muscle tone that you want.
- Finding time to work out can be tough with a newborn. Physical activity that was not specifically meant as a work out still counts! Try jogging with your baby, walking, or doing five-minute power work outs while your baby is sleeping.
Postpartum exercise routines
New mothers may well struggle to just find the time to exercise to lose weight after pregnancy! Fortunately, there are many solutions that can include your baby. It is best to incorporate both cardio exercises and strength training in your postpartum exercise routine.
One great form of exercise that is easily accessible to mothers looking after a baby is walking. Jogging may also be a possibility for you. Half an hour to an hour of jogging or walking is a wonderful start on the road to getting your pre-pregnancy body back. You can either have your baby in a stroller or a good hand-free baby carrier like a mei tai or Ergo baby carrier. And walking can take place outside, at the mall, or anywhere else.
You can also do short (five or ten minutes) work outs in your home while your baby is sleeping or your partner is holding the baby. While exercise equipment like a treadmill could come in handy, you can do ab crunches and pilates exercises with the help of internet exercise videos very easily, without having to buy special equipment.
You will probably find that your weaker areas are your abdomen and upper body, and that your legs are stronger. Therefore, weight loss post pregnancy and strength training after having a baby should focus on the upper body. Abdominal exercises can come in a wide variety and don’t have to be boring. But, you should build up slowly and build endurance.
Mom and baby exercise groups may be fun, but rarely help you achieve the post pregnancy weight loss you want. On the upside, many gyms are family-orientated and have free daycares where your baby will be safe while you work on getting your body back.
Going on a diet after pregnancy
For many, going on a diet after pregnancy is the obvious solution to weight loss post pregnancy. If you choose this route as well, you are best off taking a long-term view and a gradual approach.
A healthy and balanced diet should include proteins, vitamins and minerals, carbohydrates and grains. Calcium is something you should pay particular attention to. Avoid diets that exclude major food groups, and instead try eating healthy meals frequently, much like in the first trimester of pregnancy when you were suffering from morning sickness.
Keep up your blood sugar levels, and make sure that you stay well-hydrated. You can safely decrease the amount of calories you consume, but you should never compromise your health in doing so. The quality of calories is essential for women who are looking into weight loss after pregnancy.
Diet rules for breastfeeding mothers
Going on a starvation diet is not an option after pregnancy, particularly if you are breastfeeding. So, how to lose pregnancy weight in a healthy and responsible manner then? Dieting is fine, but there are some rules – just as weight loss and pregnancy don’t combine very well, but you can limit your weight gain through eating quality foods, breastfeeding has its own specifics.
Experts agree that nursing mothers need to consume at least 1500 to 1800 calories daily. If you are intending to lose pregnancy weight through dieting, it is best to wait until your baby is two months old. This gives your body time to establish the milk supply and avoids endangering your health.
You can healthily lose around six pounds of pregnancy weight a month while breastfeeding, which translates to 1.6 pounds each week. Low-carb diets and juice-only diets are definitely not suitable for breastfeeding mothers wondering how to lose pregnancy weight. And a gradual decrease in the calories you consume is much better than a sudden drop.
While severe dieting can lead to a decrease in breast milk, and can even halt lactation altogether, most dieting mothers who suddenly start dieting do not have to worry about their milk – it is their own health that is at stake, because the body makes breastfeeding a priority.
What women who are trying to lose weight after pregnancy should avoid
What should women who are going on a pregnancy weight loss diet, and those who are exercising to lose weight after pregnancy avoid? This is just as important to be aware of as knowing how to lose pregnancy weight. Here goes:
- Exercising before your body has recovered from childbirth. Pay attention to your abdominal muscles, which need time to move back together following pregnancy.
- Exercising before your doctor gives you the green light.
- Going on a post pregnancy weight loss diet that excludes any of the major food groups. Avoid fad diets and diet in a responsible manner instead.
- Making a sudden drop in calories. Decreasing calories should be a gradual process.
- Exercising too much, too soon. Postpartum exercise routines should be built up slowly, in accordance with your body’s capabilities.
In addition, weight loss in pregnancy to make it easier to get your body back after you give birth should also be avoided. Losing weight during pregnancy is rarely a good idea. You can avoid giving into those pregnancy cravings too often, and eat well during pregnancy though. Women who are not overweight during pregnancy will need to do less to lose weight after pregnancy.
Early pregnancy really forces you to reconsider your views of various bodily fluids, doesnt it? Things that totally grossed you out before your positive pregnancy test nor become normal, and turn into signs that tell you how your pregnancy is going. Once such sign is light spotting, something that is not at all uncommon in the first trimester. But what if you only observe light spotting after a bowel movement? What does this mean?
Women who have noticed light spotting after a visit to the rest room might be frightened, and wonder if the blood they saw means that they are having a miscarriage. Yet, spotting after a bowel movement is not something that you would consult just anyone about, is it? If you are worried, you would be completely justified in seeing your doctor about spotting after a bowel movement, but we are also here to help you.
Most OBs would tell you the same thing about pregnancy spotting that I am about to say to you. Bowel movements can sometimes cause us to push, bear down, or whatever you want to call it. On occasion, it can happen that this physical reaction leads your uterus to be squeezed, and old blood makes its way out because of this. Nearly every woman has some old blood inside her uterus when she gets pregnant. Some women notice spontaneous spotting, while others spot after a bowel movement. If the color of your spotting is dark brown to black, and you have no other symptoms, you do not need to press the panic button just yet.
Just remember that your body has an amazing way of taking care of many things, and that spotting is just the beginning of this! Have you got any stories about early pregnancy spotting to share with us? I have no doubt that youd be helping out someone who is currently pregnant, and wants extra reassurance that everything is OK.
You dont have to calculate anything – the ovulation calendar will do all the work for you! This free ovulation calendar calculates your fertile days based on your menstrual cycle data.
– The first day of your last period: this means the first day of your last menstrual flow.To use ovulation calendar you need to enter:
– The length of your menstrual cycle: the number of days from the first day of menstruation to the day before the following menstrual period starts.
– The length of your luteal phase: if you dont know the length of your luteal phase, you can assume its 14 days.
How to read this ovulation calendar?
Red indicates blood menstrual flow:
Dates that are colored red represent the section of the month when your period starts. The first day is labeled with the darkest red, because this is usually the day menstrual flow is the heaviest. On average, a womans menstrual flow lasts from three to five days. Usually on the first day, the bleeding is the heaviest, and then it slowly subsides.
Green indicates fertility ovulation:
Dates that are colored green represent the section of the month when you are most fertile – the time around your ovulation. The darkest green is labeled as THE ovulation day and this is the time you are considered most fertile. Since a womans fertile period starts about four to five days before actual ovulation, and ends approximately 24 to 48 hours afterward, there are several days that are colored green. All these days have a potential if you are trying to conceive.
According to the Shettles method, it is possible to determine a babys gender by timing your intercourse. The dark gray frame around the ovulation calendar dates determines the dates that are most appropriate for conceiving. If you would like to conceive a baby boy, the frames will appear around your ovulation day, but if you would like to conceive a baby girl, a frame will appear on the days preceding actual ovulation. If you have no preference regarding the gender of your baby, no frame will appear.
How do I calculate my fertile days using our free ovulation calendar?
You do not have to do any math – our ovulation calendar will do all the work for you! Based on your menstrual cycle data, our free ovulation calendar calculates your fertile aka ovulation days.
To use ovulation calendars you need to enter:
- The first day of your last period: this means the first day of your last menstrual flow.
- The length of your menstrual cycle: the number of days from the first day of menstruation to the day before the following menstrual period starts.
- The length of your luteal phase: AKA days past ovulation or DPO, is the part of the cycle that starts at ovulation and ends the day before your next period. The only way to determine the exact length of your luteal phase is through hormone-specific blood tests. If you are not sure about the length of your luteal phase, you can assume it is 14 days, which is the average length and does not vary by more than a day or two in most people.
Based on the data given, the free ovulation calendar generates your personal daily fertility chart.
For example, if your cycle is 29 days long and your luteal phase is 12 days long, ovulation will occur on day 17 of your cycle (29-12=17). Ovulation calendars use this formula to calculate your time of ovulation.
If you have a gender preference, simply select boy or girl from the gender field. The method used for gender selection is called the Shettles method. Dr Landrum Shettles claimed a 75 to 90 percent success rate for his simple at-home method, which advises how to time intercourse to conceive a boy or a girl.
**The Shettles Method is based on a theory of X and Y chromosomes. X chromosomes represent a girl and Y represent a boy. His theory is said to have 75 percent success rate with couples who want to determine baby’s sex, although as already said it should be taken with a bit of healthy skepticism.
The basic principle behind his theory claims that Y chromosomes (for those who want to conceive a baby boy) are smaller and more fragile, but faster comparing to X chromosomes that are slower, but also larger and more resilient and are able to survive longer when they are once released.
**What is ovulation?
The time of ovulation is one of the most important things a woman should understand about her body since it is the determining factor in getting pregnant and preventing pregnancy. Ovulation is the most fertile period of menstrual cycle – it is a period when woman is most likely to get pregnant or when the chances of conception are the highest. Woman’s fertile period starts about 4-5 days before ovulation, and ends about 24-48 hours after it.
**What happens during ovulation?
During ovulation a single, mature egg (aka ovum) that developed in the ovary during the menstrual cycle is released from a follicle. When the egg is released, it is capable of being fertilized for 12 to 24 hours, and then it begins to disintegrate. Ovulation usually happens in the middle of the menstrual cycle, and if the released egg (ovum) is fertilized and successfully implants, woman becomes pregnant. However, if the egg isn’t fertilized and if woman does not become pregnant, the egg is passed from the reproductive tract during menstrual bleeding, which starts about two weeks after ovulation.
However, sometimes anovulatory cycles happen. These are menstrual cycles when no egg is released but when a woman does have her period. On the other, it is also important to bring out that woman can their get period (meaning menstrual flow does occur), but she does not ovulate. The ability to ovulate does vary from month to month, and can be delayed by a number of factors such as stress, illness, diet, or increased physical activity.
**What happens in the ovaries?
Woman has two ovaries and each produces many eggs during one menstrual cycle (which usually lasts approximately one month). Largest of the eggs is expelled into the pelvic cavity and swept into the Fallopian tube. There is no regular pattern between ovaries and it is fairly arbitrary which ovary will release the eggs.
**Explaining Ovulation with Hormones
Two hormones which create conditions conducive to fertilization are produced during ovulation: oestradiol and progesterone.
Oestradiol is produced alone by the developing follicle before ovulation and it stimulates the glands of the cervix to secrete fertile mucus and to stimulate the growth of the endometrium lining the uterus.
After ovulation, both oestradiol and progesterone are produced by the corpus luteum which forms from the ruptured follicle. Progesterone causes the abrupt change in the mucus which occurs immediately after ovulation and defines the Peak symptom. This hormone also prepares the oestrogen-primed endometrium for implantation of the fertilized ovum.
IVF success rates depend on many factors, including age and health. Every woman who is about to undergo invitro fertilization is aware that the first IVF cycle may not result in a pregnancy, even if many good-quality embryos were created and several were implanted.
But at which point should you say that enough is enough
The question of how many IVF cycles a woman can have should be approached from various angles. How many cycles are medically safe, and in what circumstances, How many cycles will your insurance policy cover, or how many can you afford to pay out of pocket, And how do these cycles of IVF affect your emotional wellbeing, and your relationship,
Non-medical concerns carry immense importance when a couple is deciding whether to continue with IVF. But the financial and emotional aspects of fertility treatments are up to the individual to decide. When it comes to medical questions, you have a partner — your fertility clinic. How many cycles are medically safe, This depends on different things, like whether you still have embryos from a previous cycle, or need to go through ovarian stimulation again, to harvest eggs another time. It is of course best to discuss these questions with your medical team, asking concrete questions like:What are my chances of pregnancy during this cycle,What are the reasons the last cycle failed,
What are the risks of continuing with IVF during the next cycle
Recent research does show that the general success rates of IVF — in every age group — are higher when a woman has six cycles than when she has three cycles of IVF. There are those who continue even beyond that, including a blogger who got pregnant after 11 cycles. There are also those who discover underlying reasons why the IVF didn’t work (maternal antibodies attacking the embryos, to name one example), and decide to discontinue.